The name Pendang came from ‘Pendiat' which means a ditch or a hole, dug specially for the capture and domestication of elephants. The tamed elephants will then be washed at the historic well, close to the district police HQ. Local legend maintains that this well has never been dry even during droughts. The calf is reared in a village called Kubang Anak Gajah and dead elephants will be buried in a place called Kg. Gajah Mati.

During those times, Pendang is the biggest and most famous of elephant breeding pen in the state of Kedah (on par with Mukim Naga, Kubang Pasu). Elephants were the main transportation during those times and were used to deliver tithe (golden flowers) to the kingdom of Siam (now Thailand). Pendang officially became a district of Kedah on February 1st, 1975 and it's bordered by Kota Setar to the north, Yan to the west and Padang Terap and Sik to the east, and Kuala Muda to the south. Pendang is about 62929 Hectare or 629.29 km2 and is divided into 8 subdivisions which are sub-districts Tobiar, Padang Pusing, Guar Kepayang, Padang Peliang, Rambai, Bukit Raya, Padang Kerbau and Air Puteh.

27639 hectare of land in Pendang is used for natural rubber plantations while 18462 are used for paddy fields. Among some of Pendang's developing agricultural products are Rambutans, durian, jackfruits, mangoes, dokongs, grapefruit and mangosteen. Business in Pendang is divided into two categories, formal (groceries and services) and informal (stalls and hawkers). Business activity in Pendang is focused in areas such as Pekan Pendang, Tanah Merah, Tokai, Kubur Panjang, Bukit Jenun, Kilang Kechik, Kokbah dan Kampung Baru.

Pendang has no special industrial zone. The industrial sector is scattered throughout the district and is mainly based on paddy and natural rubber processing. 68% of factories in Pendang are owned by ethnic Chinese (all industries) while 26% are owned by Malays (mainly food processing industries). The rest are owned sporadically by different races.

Pendang has 32 national schools, 3 national Chinese schools, a national Tamil school, 2 religious high school, and 9 high schools. Overall, there are 13 994 primary school students with 740 teachers and 240 classes.

Poverty development program (PPRT), introduced in 1989, and is given priority by Pendang district. This program aims to reduce poverty to a manageable level. All in all, Pendang is an unexplored district, rich with resources and opportunities for future development.


Traditional Kampong at a Glance In order to ensure that the kampong and rural areas in Malaysia are receiving adequate facilities and opportunities to develop, the Local Government Department (JKT) had carried out a research programme entitled Kajian Pelan Induk Kampung Tradisional dan Petempatan Tersusun (The Master Plan of Traditional Kampongs and Structured Settlements)(KPIKTPT) in Local Authority areas. KPIKTPT was established to obtain basic information on kampong areas as well as their profiles within the LA's administrative areas in Peninsular Malaysia. This research also identifies the kampong areas according to the classification of wellbeing which acts as a yardstick for future reference of the developers. Click here to view the official website for further information regarding this research project. Definition of a Traditional Kampong A traditional kampong in this research refers to a settlement area which has been inherited by the Malay people for generations and has Malay features in its architecture while its surroundings and environment are of a Malay kampong concept. The traditional kampongs which are involved in this research are according to a list which had been prepared by the Local Government Authority.



Did You Know?:

There are four (4) different types of traditional kampongs. They are the ‘kampung tradisi', fishermen's kampong, floating kampong (built above water) and aboriginal kampongs.

Based on the information gathered from the research, there are a total of 14,003 kampongs in the Local Authority's administrative areas.  Out of the total amount, 4,248 kampongs still need to be studied.

Based on the research findings, the main mode of public transportation for kampong residents are buses and taxis.

The wellness (kesejahteraan) classification is conducted through the Multi-Criteria Evaluation (MCE) method. With this classification system in place, the Ministry of Housing and Local Government (KPKT), as well as other relevant parties, would be able to improve the quality of life in kampong areas. The classification is divided into five which are: Very Prosperous (Amat Sejahtera), Prosperous (Sejahtera), Moderately Prosperous (Sederhana Sejahtera), Less Prosperous (Kurang Sejahtera) and Not Prosperous (Tidak Sejahtera). 

In line with Vision 2020, efforts are being taken to provide proper education for kampong residents. This includes providing schools which are equipped with ICT facilities in order to ensure that the kampong residents are kept abreast with current technological developments. The National Broadband Initiative (NBI) is being carried out in rural areas under the Universal Service Provision (USP) to further facilitate these efforts.